Yamaha Acoustic Guitars String Height and Truss Rod Adjustments
Last Update: 12/15/2010
WARNING: The following prodeures are for experienced users. The instrument may be damage it truss rods are adjusted incorrectly. Damage caused by inexperienced consumers is not covered by the Yamaha warranty.
1) Check approximate string height of strings in order to evaluate the action before starting adjustments. All measurements to be done at the 12th fret of the guitar between the bottom of the string and the top of the fret. These measurements are approximations not specific dimensions. The bridge saddle is lowered by removing material from the bottom side of the saddle thus allowing it to sit lower in the bridge slot.
- Laminate Tops, F Series, APX/CPX 500
- 1st String: 2.0mm / .07874 inches (5/64th)
- 6th String: 2.8mm / .11024 inches (7/64th)
- Solid Tops, FG, L series, APX/CPX700/900
- 1st String: 1.8mm / .07087 inches (4/64th)
- 6th String: 2.6mm / .10236 inches (6/64th)
2) Check string height at the nut by using a feeler gauge between the bottom of the string and the top of the first fret, it should be .022 +/- .002 for acoustic guitars as a starting point. This is on the high side. This height is adjusted lower by filing the string slots deeper with a special file.
CAUTION: If the truss rod is extremely tight and will not move in either direction stop adjustment procedure and consult a professional luthier. If enough torque is applied to a frozen truss rod the truss rod can break . If the truss rod breaks it is a major repair and expensive to fix.
3) Check curvature of neck to determine if truss rod needs adjustment. The trussrod is NOT used to specifically lower the action but to adjust the necks straightness.
a) With all strings tuned tuned to pitch, a slight curvature of the neck is necessary and normal to avoid string buzzing. To check this place a capo on the first fret and while pressing down on the string at the 15th fret, check for approximately .010 clearance at the 8th fret.
b) If the clearance is too great, loosen the strings and then tighten the truss rod by turning clockwise 1/8 of a turn. Retune and recheck, tightening more if necessary.
c) If the clearance is too little or string is touching the 8th fret then loosen the truss rod by turning counterclockwise. Recheck and readjust as necessary.
d) If the adjustments are having no effect, then cease this procedure and take guitar to aqualified repairman.
NOTE: If the truss rod is extremely tight or seems frozen, loosen the truss rod by first turning in the counter clockwise direction until it ”frees” up , then tighten as necessary.
NOTE: If the neck is not responsive to truss adjustments, tune to pitch and let it sit overnight in a warm suitably humid environment to see if the neck will move over time.